Gregor J. Mendel (1822-84) discovered the first laws of heredity that laid the foundation of the science of genetics. He presented his findings in lectures, and published them in 1864. His article seemed to have no effect whatever on the biological thinking of his time. Perhaps typical of the reception given to Mendelís monumental publication was that of K. W. von Nageli, professor of botany at the University of Munich; From Nageliís correspondence it appears that the eminent botanist neither fully understood the spare, mathematical logic of Mendelís paper nor adequately appreciated the implications of the monk scientistís revolutionary discoveries.

Mendel died in 1884. His work languished, unread and unappreciated until 1900, when 3 other European botanists independently obtained results similar to Mendelís and, in searching the literature, found that the general theory had been published by Mendel 34 years before.


A comparison can be made with Putnam.

We believe Putnamís model- published in 1964 embodies the essence, and more than that, of what is coming to be understood in neuroscience of how the brain works.

We believe that Putnamís recognition will come, but more than that, there is much in Putnamís work that has astounding relevance for today and the future.